Cost Savings

Health Is Primary: Charting a Path to Equity and Sustainability

The PCC's 2023 Evidence Report, "Health is Primary" unpacks the major drivers of this downward trend in primary care relationships and examines access to high-quality primary care across communities.

Primary Care and COVID-19: It’s Complicated—Leveraging Primary Care, Public Health, and Social Assets

In its first broad report on COVID-19, the PCC examines community factors at the county level—starting with primary care but also including local public health and social assets—to determine if these factors can help mitigate the effects of the pandemic and other health emergencies.

Primary Care Spending: High Stakes, Low Investment

In its broadest look yet at primary care spending, in this year’s report the PCC looks at spending over time, nationally and in all 50 states. The report finds some alarming trends.

Investing in Primary Care: A State-Level Analysis

In a first-of-its-kind study, this year’s report examines states’ primary care spending patterns, including spending across payer types, and considers the implications of these results for select patient outcomes.

Accessible and continuous primary care may help reduce rates of emergency department use


Part of the visits to emergency departments (EDs) is related to complaints that may well be treated in primary care.


(i) To investigate how the likelihood of attending an ED is related to accessibility and continuity of primary care. (ii) To investigate the reasons for patients to visit EDs in different countries.

Association between continuity of care in general practice and hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions: cross sectional study of routinely collected, person level data

Objective To assess whether continuity of care with a general practitioner is associated with hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions for older patients.

Design Cross sectional study.

Setting Linked primary and secondary care records from 200 general practices participating in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink in England.

Participants 230 472 patients aged between 62 and 82 years and who experienced at least two contacts with a general practitioner between April 2011 and March 2013.

Consensus Recommendations on Increasing Primary Care Investment

Primary care investment should be tracked and reported through a standardized measure. Long-term, systemic change demands a system that ensures a standardized measurement at the health plan level across all payers to track and publicly report primary care investment. This data is essential to demonstrate that increases in investment lead to improved quality.

State Primary Care Fact Sheet

States are leading the way when it comes to prioritizing advanced primary care through increased spending or measurement designed to encourage increased spending. A variety of PCPCC members and partners are engaged at both the state and federal levels. Please find below a brief update on some of the most exciting examples of state leadership. 

Spending for Primary Care Fact Sheet

Greater use of primary care is associated with lower costs, higher patient satisfaction, fewer hospitalizations and emergency department visits, and lower mortality. Despite current high levels of healthcare spending in the United States, the proportion spent on primary care is insufficient. A shift in resources to support greater access to comprehensive, coordinated primary care is imperative to achieving a stronger, higher-performing healthcare system.

New toolkit to Prepare Patient Stakeholders to Work with Research Teams

The toolkit contains educational materials and training templates for effectively engaging patient advisors in research projects. Materials can be tailored for each research project. 



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